Study of Fever With Rash in Pediatric Population Attending Tertiary Care Center in East Part of Central Gujarat

Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2020, Volume: 22(A), Issue. (1)
First page: (171) Last page: (190)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917
doi:10.48165/ijabms.2020.22131

Study of Fever With Rash in Pediatric Population Attending Tertiary Care Center in East Part of Central Gujarat
Avanita Solanki1, Nirali Vesuwala2*, Jigna Barot3, Mayank Patel4, Neela Patel5, Chirantap Oza6
1Associate professor, 2-3,6Resident doctor of dermatology, 4Associate Professor,5Professor and HOD Dept. of dermatology, AMC MET medical college, LG hospital.Maninagar Ahmedabad pin 380008 India
Corresponding author email id: nmvesuwala@gmail.com

Online Published on 02-Jan-2020

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Fever and skin rash is a common paediatric complaint which makes the child irritable & leads anxious parents rush to the emergency. Inability to express complaints by patient and varied presentation of common ailments make it difcult for general practitioners to diagnose aetiology of febrile rashes. Thus pediatric dermatology has now been new area of interest for dermatologists and pediatricians.AIMS & OBJECTIVESTo study epidemiological data of febrile skin diseases in pediatric population.To study pattern of association of fever with skin rashes.MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective study was conducted in dermatology department of tertiary care centre from June 2017 to May 2019. All paediatric patients with fever and skin rashes were included. Demographic data, history of development of fever, type of fever, duration between fever & development of rash, morphology & distribution of rash was noted.RESULTS:Among 243 patients, 145 were male and 98 were female. Highest incidence was noted in 0-7 year agegroup. Maximum patients belonged to lower lower(37%) socioeconomic class. Similar complaint in siblings was seenin 35% of patients having infectious disease. Maximum patients were of viral exanthema in infectious and allergic reactions in non infectious diseases. Most common system involved was reticuloendothelial followed by respiratory system.CONCLUSION:Proper knowledge of epidemiological trends of regional diseases, association between fever & development of rash and alarming signs of systemic deterioration can help in early diagnosis and intervention hence better outcome.

Keywords

Pediatric, fever, rash