Transgender Issues in Indian Society from the Viewpoint of Arundhati Roy’s Novel, The Ministry of Utmost Happiness

South Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Year: 2020 (Dec), Volume: 1, Issue. (3)
First page: (159) Last page: (172)
Online ISSN: 2582-7065
doi: 10.48165/sajssh.2020.1312

Transgender Issues in Indian Society from the Viewpoint of  Arundhati Roy’s Novel, The Ministry of Utmost Happiness
Danish Suleman1 and Faizahani binti Ab Rahman2
1PhD Scholar, School of Education and Modern Languages, University Utara Malaysia, Malaysia
2Senior Lecturer, School of Education and Modern Languages, University Utara Malaysia, Malaysia
Corresponding Author: Danish Suleman, E-mail:danish_suleman@ahsgs.uum.edu.my

Online Published on 02-December-2020

ABSTRACT

The transgender community existed from way back in history. There are records for their existence  thousands of years ago. But they were always submerged by the society. A chance was never  provided for them, which was all that was needed to prove themselves and their existence. The  tortures made them escalate downwards in fear of the outer world. The hijras, with their undefined  sense of self that forms their understanding of existence, their susceptibility, marginalisation and  relocation, existing in the middle of a culture that does not comprehend them and barely tolerates  them, are a fitting example of the existential component of precarity. This article attempted to  highlight the reason behind the issues faced by transgender community in Indian society. In order  to examine these issues this article analysed the character of Anjum, a transgender, in Arundhati  Roy’s The Ministry of Utmost Happiness. 

Keywords

Transgender, oppression, Hijra (Eunuch), Gender, Marginalization

How to Cite the Article

Suleman, D., & Rehman, F. binti A. (2020). Transgender Issues in Indian Society from the Viewpoint of Arundhati Roy’s Novel, The Ministry of Utmost Happiness. South Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 1(3), 159–172. https://doi.org/10.48165/sajssh.2020.1312 Cite
Suleman, Danish, and Faizahani binti Ab Rehman. “Transgender Issues in Indian Society from the Viewpoint of Arundhati Roy’s Novel, The Ministry of Utmost Happiness.” South Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, vol. 1, no. 3, 2020, pp. 159–72, http://doi.org/10.48165/sajssh.2020.1312. Cite
1.
Suleman D, Rehman F binti A. Transgender Issues in Indian Society from the Viewpoint of Arundhati Roy’s Novel, The Ministry of Utmost Happiness. SAJSSH. 2020;1(3):159‑72. DOI: 10.48165/sajssh.2020.1312 Cite
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