South Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Year: 2020 (Dec), Volume: 1, Issue. (3) First page: (93) Last page: (110) Online ISSN: 2582-7065 doi: 10.48165/sajssh.2020.1307
Explaining the May 9th Regime Change in Malaysia: Ethnic Boundary, Social Differentiation, National Ethos and Political Changes
Mansor Mohd Noor
Institute of Ethnic Studies (KITA), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Corresponding Author: Mansor Mohd Noor, E-mail: email@example.com
Online Published on 02-December-2020
Malaysia is a product of a post-colonial plural society. However, under the influences of development, migration and technological changes, the plural society characters of the nation have undergone social transformation from one of a compartmentalized society by language, culture, religion and economic vocation into a diverse society. However, the conceptual and theoretical frameworks of the tradition of Furnivall’s plural society may not be able to explain the fluidity and dynamism of contemporary Malaysia. Ethnic and religious dimensions may define the ethnicised society but to argue that such a society is a plural society may not do justice to explain the shift from ethno-religious concerned are being embedded with civic spaces of justice, inclusivity and participative democracy of the Malaysian diverse society. This article grapples with the constraints of the Furnivall tradition by introducing the conceptual framework of ethnic boundary in the tradition of Barth and the theoretical framework of the sociology of modernization and development in understanding and explaining the social changes taking place in Malaysia. Ethnic identity still prevails but it has thinned as an influence on social action. Studies show that social cohesion dominates the relationship of the diverse ethnic groups that shared a common norm, showing greater similarities rather than differences and under such social differentiation in the society, they relate to one another horizontally and least vertically.
Plural Society, Ethnic Boundary, Social Differentiation, Nation.
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