Perceptions and Adaptation Strategies to Changing Climate: Evidence from Farmers of Northern Dry Zone of Karnataka

Indian Journal of Extension Education
Year: 2021 (Jul-sep), Volume: (57), Issue. (3)
First page: (60) Last page: (64)
Online ISSN: 2454-552X
Print ISSN: 0537- 1996
doi: 10.48165/IJEE.2021.57315

Perceptions and Adaptation Strategies to Changing Climate: Evidence from Farmers of Northern Dry Zone of Karnataka

Ravi Dupdal1*, B.L. Patil2 and Bhupendra Singh Naik3

1Senior Senior Scientist (Agril. Economics), ICAR-IISWC, Research Centre, Ballari, Karnataka 
2Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Dharwad, Karnataka 3Senior Scientist (Land and Water Management Engg.), ICAR-IISWC, Research Centre, Ballari, Karnataka 
*Corresponding author email id: ravi.dupdal@gmail.com

Received:
02 June 2021

Accepted:
17 June 2021

Online Published:
28 June 2021

How to cite the Article

Dupdal, R., Patil, B. L., & Singh Naik, B. (2021). Perceptions and Adaptation Strategies to Changing Climate: Evidence from Farmers of Northern Dry Zone of Karnataka. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 57(03), 60–64. https://doi.org/10.48165/IJEE.2021.57315 Cite
Dupdal, Ravi, et al. “Perceptions and Adaptation Strategies to Changing Climate: Evidence from Farmers of Northern Dry Zone of Karnataka.” Indian Journal of Extension Education, vol. 57, no. 03, 2021, pp. 60–64, http://doi.org/10.48165/IJEE.2021.57315. Cite
1.
Dupdal R, Patil BL, Singh Naik B. Perceptions and Adaptation Strategies to Changing Climate: Evidence from Farmers of Northern Dry Zone of Karnataka. IJEE. 2021;57(03):60‑4. DOI: 10.48165/IJEE.2021.57315 Cite
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ABSTRACT

This study elicits and understands farmers’ perceptions and indigenous adaptation strategies to mitigate climatic variability in northern dry zone of Karnataka. Pre-tested and structured interview schedule was used to collect data from the farmers using multi-stage random sampling technique. Statistical tool like Garret ranking technique was employed to identify and rank various adaptation strategies practiced by farmers towards changing climate. Results revealed that farmers experienced varying climatic condition in terms of decreasing and unpredictable rainfall, increase in temperature in recent years and frequent failure of monsoon. Climatic variability affected farming in terms of declining crop yields, frequent crop failure, sinking water level in bore wells and open wells and increased emergence of new pest and diseases. Farmers manifested resilience against changing climate by adopting combination of indigenous and modern scientific adaptation strategies such as crop diversification, mixed farming, water conservation structures, changing planting dates, seeking off-farm employment and adopting drought and heat tolerant varieties. Main barriers to adaptation were lack of knowledge about climate change, lack of timely availability of weather information and farm inputs. To enhance access and timely dissemination of weather forecasts information, timely availability of farm inputs and crop insurance mechanisms will have the scope to enhance farmers’ resilience to changing climate and adaptation.

Keywords

Perceptions, Climatic variability, Garret ranking technique, Adaptation strategies, Barriers to adaptation