Indian Journal of Extension Education
Year: 2021 (Jul-sep), Volume: (57), Issue. (3)
First page: (45) Last page: (47)
Online ISSN: 2454-552X
Print ISSN: 0537- 1996
doi: 10.48165/IJEE.2021.57311

Constraints Perceived By the Vegetable Growers towards Excessive Use of Chemicals in Bankura District of West Bengal
Arnab Kumar Paine1, Anindita Saha1, Pravin Kumar Tiwari3*, Digvijay Singh Dhakre2 and Ravi Kumar Gupta1

1Department of Agricultural Extension, 2Department of Agricultural Statistics, Palli Siksha Bhavana (Institute of Agriculture), Visva-Bharati University, Sriniketan-731236, West Bengal 
3Department of Agricultural Extension, College of Horticulture and Research Station (IGKV), Jagadalpur, Baster-494001, Chhattisgarh
*Corresponding author email id: tewaripk73@gmail.com 

Received:
2 June 2021

Accepted:
16 June 2021

Online Published:
28 June 2021

How to cite the Article

Paine, A. K., Saha, A., Tiwari, P. K., Dhakre, D. S., & Gupta, R. K. (2021). Constraints Perceived By the Vegetable Growers towards Excessive Use of Chemicals in Bankura District of West Bengal. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 57(03), 45–47. https://doi.org/10.48165/IJEE.2021.57311 Cite
Paine, Arnab Kumar, et al. “Constraints Perceived By the Vegetable Growers towards Excessive Use of Chemicals in Bankura District of West Bengal.” Indian Journal of Extension Education, vol. 57, no. 03, 2021, pp. 45–47, http://doi.org/10.48165/IJEE.2021.57311. Cite
1.
Paine AK, Saha A, Tiwari PK, Dhakre DS, Gupta RK. Constraints Perceived By the Vegetable Growers towards Excessive Use of Chemicals in Bankura District of West Bengal. IJEE. 2021;57(03):45‑7. DOI: 10.48165/IJEE.2021.57311 Cite
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ABSTRACT

The study was conducted during 2018 to know the constraints perceived by the vegetable growers towards excessive use of chemicals in the Bankura district of West Bengal. This study was followed ex-post and expletory research design with considering 27 constraints, which data was suitably analyses with the help of principal component analysis. The results of these 27 constraints were divided into six components on basis Eigen rules. The six components had greater than one Eigen value 6.265, 2.59, 2.292, 1.421, 1.216 and 1.086 respectively.  The first component having Eigenvalue of 6.265 was labeled as Protection Knowledge. Similarly other sequentially components were labeled as Lack of Knowledge, Bio – control, Scarcity, Unavailability and Training respectively. The particular emphasis in this study was therefore on identifying the problems faced by vegetable growers in the application of pesticides to vegetable crops during the use of a chemical in the study area.

Keywords

Constraints, Vegetable Production, Vegetable Growers, Chemicals, and Principal Component Analysis.