Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2021, Volume: 23(B), Issue. (2)
First page: (58) Last page: (74)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917
doi: 10.48165/ijabms.2021.233705 

To Compare 0.25% Ropivacaine And 0.25% Bupivacaine In  Tap Block For Postoperative Analgesia In Patients  Undergoing Abdominal Surgeries.
Dr. Vedanshi Himanshu Desai1*, Dr. Jagruti R. Satasia2, Dr. Khushboo H. Desai3, Dr.  Mitali G Patel4, Dr. Devyani D Solanki5
1MD Anesthesiology, Dept.  of anesthesia, Smt. SCL general hospital, Ahmedabad. 
2Associate professor, Dept.  of anesthesia, Smt. SCL general hospital, Ahmedabad. 
32nd year resident, Dept.  of anesthesia, Smt. SCL general hospital, Ahmedabad. 
41st year resident, Dept.  of anesthesia, Smt. SCL general hospital, Ahmedabad. 
51st year resident, Dept.  of anesthesia, Smt. SCL general hospital, Ahmedabad.
Corresponding Author: Dr. Vedanshi Himanshu Desai, Email: vedu681991@gmail.com

Online Published on 25-August-2021

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ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION Pain has been defined as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual  or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage.1 Pain is the most dreaded  problem which a person fears after any surgery. The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is an anaesthesia technique that provides  analgesia to the parietal peritoneum as well as the skin and muscles of the anterior abdominal  wall.4 Since the thoracolumbar nerves originating from the T6 to L1 spinal roots run into this  plane and supply sensory nerves to the anterolateral abdominal wall5, the local anaesthetic  spread in this plane can block the neural afferents and provide analgesia to the anterolateral  abdominal wall.  AIM AND OBJECTIVES  Aim of study was to compare 0.25% Ropivacaine and 0.25% Bupivacaine in TAP block for  postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing Abdominal Surgeries.  The following parameters were compared:  A. To study the effectiveness of transverses abdominis plane block for post-operative analgesia  in Abdominal Surgeries.  B. To compare the duration of analgesia and its effectiveness conferred by 0.25% Ropivacaine  and 0.25% Bupivacaine.  C. Total requirement of rescue analgesia.  D. To watch for occurrence of side effects, if any  MATERIALS AND METHODS A comparative clinical study was carried out on 60 adult patients belonging to ASA grade I or  II, scheduled for elective Abdominal Surgeries. All patients were administered spinal anaesthesia with bupivacaine heavy 0.5%, 2.0-4.0 ml  with 25 G spinal needle at L2-L3 or L3-L4 vertebral interspace. The patients were randomly  allocated in two groups and study drug was injected at the end of surgery according to the  group. The volume of administered drug kept constant (20 ml).  Group I: Patients received TAP BLOCK on each side with 10ml 0.25% Ropivacaine.  Group II: Patients received TAP BLOCK on each side with 10ml 0.25% Bupivacaine. CONCLUSION Transversus Abdominis Plane Block (TAP Block) provides better postoperative analgesia in  various abdominal surgeries. 0.25% ropivacaine and 0.25% bupivacaine are equally effective  in TAP block and provides effective postoperative analgesia but ropivacaine group shown  longer duration of action compared to bupivacaine which was statistically significant without  causing any increased adverse effects.

Keywords

Postoperative analgesia, abdominal surgeries, TAP block