Predicting The Mortality And Need Of Icu Admission By Using Various Scoring System In Patient Present With Hematemesis In Emergency Department.

Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2021, Volume: 23(B), Issue. (2)
First page: (103) Last page: (121)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917
doi: 10.48165/ijabms.2021.233709 

Predicting The Mortality And Need Of Icu Admission By  Using Various Scoring System In Patient Present With  Hematemesis In Emergency Department.
Dr. Prakruti P Patel*1, Dr. Bhavesh S Jarwani2, Dr. Rushi N Patel3
12nd year resident in  Emergency Medicine department, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel  Institute of Medical Science and Research, Smt. N.H.L. Municipal medical college, Ellis  Bridge, Paldi, Ahmedabad,
2M.D., General Medicine, Professor and head in department of  Emergency Medicine,department, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel  Institute of Medical Science and Research, Smt. N.H.L. Municipal medical college, Ellis  Bridge, Paldi, Ahmedabad,
3Senior resident in Emergency Medicine department, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel  Institute of Medical Science and Research, Smt. N.H.L. Municipal medical college, Ellis  Bridge, Paldi, Ahmedabad,
Corresponding Author: Dr. Prakruti P Patel, Email:  prakrutipatel2606@gmail.com

Online Published on 25-August-2021

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ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNG: An overall annual incidence of acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage  has been estimated to be 40-150 per 1,00,000 populations (1,2), leads to annual hospital  admission rate of approximately 100 per 1,00,000 hospital admissions, and has significant  associated morbidity and mortality, especially in the elderly. Gastrointestinal bleeding, which  is most commonly arises from mucosal erosive disease accounts for up to 20,000 deaths  annually.  Various risk scoring systems have been recently developed to predict clinical Outcomes and  need of ICU admission in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) or hematemesis.  The two commonly used scoring systems include full Rockall score (RS) and the Glasgow Blatchford score (GBS). MATERIAL AND METHOD: An observational, study was conducted on 50 patients with  obvious symptoms of UGIB in the emergency department of SVPIMSR, Ahmedabad. full  Rockall score (RS) and the Glasgow-Blatchford score (GBS)were calculated. Data was  collected from hospital iHiS system and analysed in epi info (version 7.3.2.1) CDC software.  P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 50 patients with UGIB were included in the study of which 72% were  male and 28% were female. The mean age of patients was 47.36±16.69 years. It was found that  majority of patients (44%) were in the age group of 40-60 years. Mean frequency of  hematemesis was significantly higher in non-survival patient in comparison with survival ones  (3.1±1.1 versus 1.85±0.62, p=0.0004). In mortality prediction full Rockall score is better than  GBS (p value 0.0769 versus 0.9612). Full RS system seems to be better than GBS in predicting  mortality and need for ICU admission in patients presented with hematemesis.

Keywords

Hemetemesis, Emergency, Mortality