Breast Feeding Practices up to 6 Months in Infants of Urban Area : a Hospital Based Survey

Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2020, Volume: 22(B), Issue. (2)
First page: (210) Last page: (218)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917
doi:10.48165/ijabms.2020.22219

Breast Feeding Practices up to 6 Months in Infants of Urban Area : a Hospital  Based Survey 
Bijal Shah1, Deepa Banker 2, Shakil Vadaliwala3,Aamir Saiyed4, Nirmal Zala 5,Arpit Viroja6 
1Associate Professor, 2Professor, paediatrics, 3’4’5Resident, Department paediatrics, N.H.L.M.M .C Ahmedabad Gujarat, India
Corresponding author email id:  

Online Published on 02-July-2020

ABSTRACT

Introduction Adopting optimal breast feeding practices is fundamental right to a child’s survival, growth  and development. Despite all the potential benefits, only about two fifths of infants 0-6 months of age worldwide are exclusively breastfed. Analysis of data on feeding practices  among infants highlights the need for accelerated programming in this area. Present study  was aimed to survey feeding practices in infants up to 6 months and observing variables for  faulty feeding practices Method Mother of infants up to 6 months coming from urban area in a tertiary care hospital were  interviewed for feeding practices as per preformed questionnaires. If feeding practices were  faulty all details regarding various factors leading to same were asked and analysed. Results Total 518 mothers were interviewed. Only 37% infants were exclusively breast feed, in 29%  feeding was started in 1st hour of life and in 25% some form of prelacteal feeds were given.  On analysing different factors for faulty feeding practices we found that primigravida, CS  delivery, (p<0.001)different myths regarding mother health, baby health, and breast  feeding, lack of awareness ,faulty feeding techniques, low socioeconomic status(65%) and  poor education(80%) were contributing factors leading to same. There were multiples  factors in single mother for faulty feeding practices. Conclusion Promotion, support and adherence to recommendations of breast feeding is still a gold  standard to gain optimal growth and development of children. still health personnel has to  do lot more to particularly in field of proper education, explanation and demonstration in field of same. Using newer media technology like mobile and TV will be helpful to spread it  fast.

Keywords

Exclusively breast feed Breast feeding practices up to 6 months in infants of urban area : A hospital based survey