A Diagnosis of Salivary Gland Lesions by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Its Histopathological Correlation

Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2020, Volume: 22(B), Issue. (2)
First page: (440) Last page: (445)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917
doi: 10.48165/ijabms.2020.22236

A Diagnosis of Salivary Gland Lesions by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Its Histopathological Correlation
Krishna Gajera1*, Jalak Patel2,Jayshree M. Shah3
1Second year resident Pathology, 2First year resident Pathology, 3Professor and Head of Department of Pathology ,  Department of Pathology, AMC MET Medical College, LG Hospital, Maninagar, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
Corresponding author email id: krishnagajera21@gmail.com
jmshah112@yahoo.co.in3

Online Published on 02-July-2020

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Salivary gland swellings can result from tumors, an inflammatory process or cyst. Fine needle aspiration cytology(FNAC) is a diagnostic tool for evaluating neoplastic and non neoplastic swelling of salivary gland. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and sensitivity and specificity of fine needle aspiration cytology in numerous salivary gland lesions and with its histopathological correlation. METHOD: The study was conducted in department of pathology; Amc met medical college, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, for duration of 1 year from January 2019 to January 2020. During the study period 44 cases of fine needle aspiration cytology of salivary gland lesions were performed. Formalin fixed (10%), surgically resected specimens were received and prepared for histopathological salivary gland lesion diagnosis. RESULT: During the study period 998 FNAC were undertaken of which 44 FNAC were of salivary gland swelling. Correlation of cytology from FNAC with histopathology tissue was possible in 9 cases, for which FNAC data was available. 62 % were from male and 38 % were from female patients. The age of patient ranged from 8 to 85 Years. 15 cases were benign swellings. 8 cases were malignant, 7 cases were cysts and 14 cases had an inflammatory etiology. CONCLUSION: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is highly sensitive and specific procedure for diagnosis of salivary gland lesions.

Keywords

Salivary gland, Benign, Malignant, FNAC, Histopathology, Diagnostic accuracy.