Outcome of Patients Presented With Acute Exacerbation of Copd to Emergency Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital

Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2020, Volume: 22(A), Issue. (1)
First page: (86) Last page: (110)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917
doi:10.48165/ijabms.2020.22109

Outcome of Patients Presented With Acute Exacerbation of Copd to Emergency  Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital
Nolesh J Patel¹, Mehul P Gajjar*²,  Rohan Parekh³, Shrushti Patel⁴, Vikash Gupta⁵,  Advait V Thakor⁶
13rd year resident, Emergency Medicine, ²General Medicine, Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine,  ³2nd year resident, Emergency Medicine, ⁴1st year resident, Emergency Medicine.  ⁵Senior resident, Emergency Medicine., ⁶M.D., Anesthesia, Professor & Head, Emergency Medicine.   Emergency Medicine Department, SVP hospital and Smt. NHL Municipal Medical College,  Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad-380006.  
Corresponding author email id: :mehul.mpg@gmail.com

Online Published on 02-Jan-2020

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to study and provide an overview of the epidemiology, clinical  presentation, disposition and outcome of COPD in India, which is one of the most affected  countries in the world and contributes significantly to the morbidity and mortality of this disease,  to the Emergency physicians as they are the front line force for diagnosing and managing all the  emergencies in the hospital.  Materials and methods: The current work represents a single institutional retrospective study on epidemiology, clinical  presentation, disposition and outcome of COPD carried out in tertiary care teaching hospital, – 1 – Ahmedabad . The data was obtained from the record of 200 patients and reviewed and analysed  from October-2017 to September-2019.  Results:  The data of 200 patients was collected from the record for this study. COPD was found more  common in male and 5th– 6th decade. Smoking and tuberculosis were the major risk factors. COPD  patients were most commonly presented with breathlessness, fever and cough. In the patients  of COPD, emphysematous changes were found more commonly.

Keywords

Acute exacerbation of COPD, smoking, tuberculosis.