Visual Function And Subjective Perception Of Patients With Full Thickness Macular Hole

Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2019, Volume: 21(B), Issue. (2)
First page: (234) Last page: (257)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917

Visual Function And Subjective Perception Of Patients  With Full Thickness Macular Hole 
Helly Shah1*,  Samiya Kazi2, Kinnari Kalaria3,  Usman  Memon4, Tejas Desai5
1,3Lecturer, M.Optom, Nagar School of Optometry 2M.Optom. 4Senior  Lecturer, M.Optom., FIACLE, FBCLA, Nagar school of Optometry [5]  M.S.Ophthal, Superintendent, Nagri Municipal Eye Hospital
Corresponding author email id:

Online Published on 02-Jul-2019


Background: Patients with full thickness macular hole face difficulties in their day to day life because central part of retina, i.e. macula is affected which is responsible for maximum central vision. Not only vision but it is also responsible for depth perception, color vision and contrast. So, patients having full thickness macular hole will have central scotoma which leads to problems in seeing central part or straight ahead view. These all factors simultaneously affect quality of life of patients. Methods: 20 patients with unilateral full thickness macular hole were enrolled in this study. All Visual functions like visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, visual field, colour vision, stereopsis has been assessed to find out the affection of macular hole on their day to day activities. Quality of life has been assessed with the help of NEI-VFQ questionnaire – 25. Results: Unilateral involvement with full thickness macular hole face difficulties during driving, reading, seeing stops or breaks, etc. because of damage in macula, not only visual acuity of patient is deteriorated but visual functions were affected which simultaneously lead to decrease in quality of life of patients. Conclusion: Primary health-care providers play an important role in early detection and referral of patients with Full Thickness Macular Hole. Delay in detection and referral may lead to visual disability and thus impairment of the patient’s quality of life.


Macular, stereopsis, scotoma, retina

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