Pattern Of Injuries In Road Traffic Accidents At Ahmedabad, Gujarat: An Autopsy Based Stud

Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2019, Volume: 21(B), Issue. (2)
First page: (135) Last page: (148)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917

Pattern Of Injuries In Road Traffic Accidents At Ahmedabad, Gujarat: An Autopsy Based Study 

Saumil Merchant1 and Tejas Prajapati2*
1Professor and Head, 2Assistant Professor, Dept of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad
Corresponding author email id:

Online Published on 02-Jul-2019


Total 4391 cases brought for the post‐mortem examination (autopsies). Out of these 600 cases were of accidental death and out of 600 cases, 500 cases were of head injury, which is the cause of their death. The most common effects of injuries to the head are hematoma (83%), fissure fracture (70%), brain edema (86%), brain congestion (89%), sub Dural hemorrhage (61%), sub arachnoids hemorrhage (95%), and Dura usually seen intact (88%) and it may tear in impact of heavy blunt force directly to the head. And last base of the skull usually is seen normal in 399 (79%) cases. Out total 600 vehicular accident death 432 cases were attributed to male. First among the list of fatalities due to vehicular accident is driver followed by passenger and at last pedestrian. Out of 205 drivers died of vehicular accidents 83 were from the age group of 21‐29yrs. Majority of the road victims are were young and maximum drivers were in there five years. Reason is more rash deriving behavior of that group. Comparatively higher death rate is found during the month of May and October. Heat fatigue resulting in deterioration in the performance with a feeling of inefficiency might have accounted for this higher death rate. And as well as during these both two months are in vacation period in city area. This is the one of the reason of higher accidents rate due to heavy road traffic during these two months. In our study the highest numbers of cases were registered in V.S. police station, 154 (30%) cases, as patients injured by vehicular accident on highway are brought to V.S. hospital and cases were registered there. Second highest no. of cases was registered from Ellisbridge, 125 (25%) cases.


Fatal RTA, Pattern of injuries, Highway, Heavy motor vehicle

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