Ocular Health Assessment Of Workers In Various Chemical And Pharmaceutical Industries

Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2019, Volume: 21(B), Issue. (2)
First page: (312) Last page: (325)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917
doi:

Ocular Health Assessment Of Workers In Various Chemical And Pharmaceutical Industries
Kinnari Kalaria1,  Vidhi Bavishi2 ,Helly Shah3*,Usman Memon4, Dipali Satani5
1Lecturer M.Optom.,MBA Nagar School of Optometry, 2B.Optom, 3Lecturer M.Optom., Nagar School of Optometry, 4Senior Lecturer M.Optom.,FIACLE, FBCLA Nagar School of Optometry, 5M.S.Ophthal, Professor  & HOD AMC MET medical college Ahmedabad  Nagar School of optometry , Nagri Eye Hospital , Ellisbridge Ahmedabad Pin 380008
Corresponding author email id:  moptomhelly86@gmail.com

Online Published on 02-Jul-2019

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Workers working in chemical industry are exposed to thousands of chemical. Some of these chemicals have a direct effect on eye and ocular health and can cause ocular problems. So this study aimed to determine the ocular exposure to chemicals in different chemical /pharmaceutical industries.METHODS:A clinical examination was accompanied by a detailed occupational history. The examination of technical workers includes visual acuity, color vision, torch light and slit lamp examination, stereopsis, dry eye conditions, fundus evaluation, objective and subjective refraction and visual field testing. RESULTS: Total 203 workers were included in study from different chemical / pharmaceutical industries. There was a greater prevalence of anterior segment disorders (40%) over posterior segment diseases (2%) within exposed areas. 40% workers had anterior segment diseases and out of this, prevalence of cataract is 74%, which is higher than any other anterior segment diseases. 86% workers were not using any kind of PPE during their work. 69% workers experienced dry eyes in both eye and 58% workers had reduced stereopsis. CONCLUSION: Workers exposed to chemicals developed more anterior segment disorders e.g. dry eye, allergic conjunctivitis, cataract etc. Almost all of occupational eye disorders are more easily prevented than treated. Several preventive measures are now available. With such preventive measures readily available, both employers and employees must work aggressively to decrease the number of workers affected with an occupational eye disorders. There is an intense need of periodic industrial vision screening, so occupational related eye diseases can be easily prevented and early detected. Easy prevention & early detection can save worker’s eyes and vision.

Keywords

Polymer, Plastic, eye, disorder, vision

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