Do Females Are More Frail Than Man? A Cohort Study

Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2019, Volume: 21(B), Issue. (2)
First page: (326) Last page: (334)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917
doi:

Do Females Are More Frail Than Man? A Cohort Study  
Janardan V Bhatt1*
, Pragna Raval2,  Usha Patel3, Saloni4 , Chaitali J Bhatt5
1Professor and Head Physiology , 2Assistant professor of Physiology , 3Assistant professor of Biochemistry , 4AMCMET medical college , LG Hospital maninagar  Ahmedabad Pin 380008
5SBB COLLEGE OF Physiology Ahmedabad.
Corresponding author email id: jvbhattin@yahoo.com

Online Published on 02-Jul-2019

ABSTRACT

Background: With the increasing elderly population, frailty will be the community problem and medical concern. And gender difference in frailty i.e. women are more frail than man will demand special attention of caring , prevention and management of frailty as a gender specific health problem of frailty . Frailty associated with aging increases the risk of falls, disability, and death. Objective: To study the prevalence and to compare gender difference in frailty among a defined cohort . Design: Survey of defined cohort of 1292 urban based subjects to find frail subject by using Frailty Index for Elders (FIFE) by Sherry A. Greenberg Results: A cohort of 1292 people were assessed . Amongst 1292, 200 persons were aged more that equal to 60 years of age. Out of 200 , 80 (n1 group )were male and 120 (n2 group)were female. Methods: Frailty Index for Elders (FIFE) Sherry A. Greenberg was used to assess frailty amongst male and female groups. Amongst male and female groups, male group. Results: Amongst male and female groups, male group, male group : 18 out of 80 (22.5%) and female groups 48 (40% )out of 120 were frail. Females were more frail than male and was statistically significant . Prevalence of frailty was more amongst female compared male group. (P value < 0.05 to 0.025) .Females were more frail than male and was statistical significant and the finding is consistence with global finding . Conclusions: The study documented the fact that frailty is a very common condition amongst elderly population and about 15.50 % of our cohort were frail when study was carried. Though the frailty is as Common condition leading to death as other medical conditions i.e. organ failure ,cancer, dementia ,cardiac and other causes, still its independent existence is doubted .Incidentally many such conditions, disabilities and morbidity are associated with frailty .Global prevalence of frailty is 4.0 to 59.1% various communities in various studies . We observed 15.50 % of frailty in our study. Another interesting observation is prevalence of frailty was more common amongst female compared to male in same community studied (P<0.05 <0.025)and consistence with global paradox that though female live longer than male but frailty was more prevailed amongst female compared to male. More and more researches in Physiology, Genetics and gerontology are required to find the biology basic of frailty .

Keywords

Frailty, Frailty index , Gender

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