A Study On Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Bio-Safety Among Healthcare Workers In A Tertiary Care Hospital, Ahmedabad KAP study of bio-safety

Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2019, Volume: 21(B), Issue. (2)
First page: (123) Last page: (134)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917
doi:

Atit Shah1, Komal Dholaria2*, Hitarthi Mehta3, Leena Patil4 and Jayshri Pethani5
1Associate Professor, 23rd year Resident, 33rd year  Resident, 4,5Professor and Head, Department of Microbiology,  Microbiology Department, Smt. N. H. L. Municipal Medical College, Ellis bridge, Ahmedabad-380006.
Corresponding author email id: komal.dholaria@gmail.com 

Online Published on 02-Jul-2019

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The field of bio-safety covers risk assessment, management of such risks, the regulation, communication & mitigation of adverse events with the aim of promoting a safe environment for Clinical Laboratory testing. Methodology: This was a comparative cross sectional study which used a standardized, structured self-administered questionnaire consisting of thirty question, ten each to survey Knowledge, Attitude and Practice(KAP) of bio-safety among healthcare workers(HCWs). A total of 75 randomly selected HCWs participated in the study. Results: Awareness regarding Universal precaution guidelines and hand hygiene were found to be 98.67% and 88% respectively. 80% HCW know highest risk of acquiring Hepatitis B infection after Needle Stick Injury(NSI), 92% know it is prevented by vaccination. However only 74.67% know what to do in case of NSI, only 25.33% know to write injury report to authorities. Though 45.33% participants had NSI, only 6.66% reported to authority. 73.33% were aware about Bio-medical Waste(BMW) rules 2016. Only 52% participants were aware that segregation is the key step in BMW management and the knowledge improved significantly after training. Discussion: This current study revealed that nursing staff have lowest and laboratory technicians have highest mean scores of KAP about bio-safety in the pre-interventional phase. Knowledge and attitude of HCWs after educational video intervention were extremely statistically significant (P value <0.0001, paired t-test). Conclusion: From this educational interventional study, it was concludes that knowledge and attitude regarding various aspects of bio-safety among HCWs were quite unsatisfactory. Knowledge and attitude improved substantially in post-training assessment.

Keywords

Bio-safety, Health Care Workers(HCWs), Needle Stick Injury(NSI) 

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