A Study of Spectrum of Findings of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Knee Joint Injury

Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2019, Volume: 21(B), Issue. (2)
First page: (280) Last page: (301)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917
doi:

A Study of Spectrum of Findings of Magnetic Resonance Imaging  in Knee Joint Injury 
Utkarsh Kumar1*, Ashvinkumar Patel2 and Dipti Shah3
1,2Resident, 3Professor & HOD ,  Department of Radiology, AMC MET Medical college, LG hospital Ahmedabad
Corresponding author email id: utkarsh12292@gmail.com

Online Published on 02-Jul-2019

ABSTRACT

Background & Objective: This study is being carried out to describe the various MRI features in traumatic lesions causing ligaments & menisci injuries of knee joint. Trauma to knee joint is a significant cause of morbidity in the young,active individuals especially amongst labourers, Road traffic accident patients and athletes. An accurate diagnosis regarding the type and extent of injuries is essential for early operative as well as non-operative treatment. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has now been accepted as the best imaging modality for non-invasive evaluation of knee injuries. This study was undertaken to study the types and incidence of injuries in traumatic knee joint by MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 cases of clinically suspected of ligaments & meniscal injury of the knee joint underwent MR imaging of the knee at the department of Radiodiagnosis, AMC MET Medical college , L.G hospital, maninagar, ahmedabad. Study was performed between December 2018 to march 2019. MRI was carried out on SIEMENS 1.5 T MAGNETOM_ESSENZA machine. Results: Of the total 100 patients evaluated, most common injury was ACL tear of which complete tears were more common. PCL tears were less common. Among the Menisci injuries MM tears were more common than LM and grade 3 tears were more common in both. MCL tears outnumbered LCL tears and grade 2 tears were more common in MCL. Associated Osseous/Osteochondral injury were seen in 51 patients. Most of these were bony contusions involving the femoral and tibial condyles. Interpretation and Conclusions: From these observations, it was found that MRI Magnetic resonance imaging is an excellent, noninvasive, radiation free imaging modality with multiplanar capabilities and excellent soft tissue delineation. It can accurately detect, localize and characterize various ligament, meniscal injury of the knee joint and thereby guiding further management of the patient.

Keywords

injury, noninvasive, delineation, tears, menisca

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