A Comparative Study Of Cal (computer Assisted Learning) Versus Conventional Method For Teaching Experimental Pharmacology.

Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Year: 2019, Volume: 21(A), Issue. (1), January
First page: (94) Last page: (106)
Online ISSN: 2249-7935
Print ISSN: 0975-8917
doi:

A Comparative Study Of Cal (computer Assisted Learning) Versus Conventional Method For Teaching Experimental Pharmacology
Gurusharan H Dumra1, Chetan Parmar2*, Sheetal Kamol2, A J Singh 3
1Associate professor, 2Junior lecturer, 3Professor and Head, Dept of Pharmacology, AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad
Corresponding author email id:chetanparmar@gmail.com

Online Published on 02-Jan-2019

ABSTRACT

A comparative study of CAL (Computer Assisted Learning) versus conventional method for teaching experimental pharmacology.Introduction – CAL or computer assisted learning demonstrates all the steps of the experiment in the form of a simulation. The students perform the experiment virtually and observe the effect of different drugs by themselves in computer lab.Aims and objectives – To compare the effectiveness of CAL versus conventional method for teaching experimental pharmacology by assessing the students’ understanding of the practical exercise.Methodology – A comparative study was carried out on 102 2nd year MBBS students who were randomized in two groups. One group was exposed to conventional method and another group was taught using CAL. Both the groups underwent an MCQ test pertaining to the experiment. The groups were then crossed over for the next experiment. This was also followed by an MCQ test. A feedback regarding their perception about CAL v/s conventional teaching was taken from both students and faculty. Statistical test was applied to compare the results of the two groups. All required ethical permissions were taken.Results – There was a statistically significant difference (p value < 0.001) between the MCQ scores of the two groups. It clearly indicated that students could understand the experiment better when taught by CAL. The feedback given by both students and faculty favored the use of CAL.Conclusion – Results of the study showed that students learn better by using CAL so it should be implemented as the teaching and learning method in experimental pharmacology.

Keywords

simulation, teaching, experimental pharmacology

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